- Guggenheim Fellow (1984)
M. Jeanne Peterson received a bachelor's degree magna cum laude and a Ph.D. from the University of California, Berkeley, the first in 1966, the second in 1972. At IU Bloomington, she was a lecturer, assistant, associate, and full professor of history from 1971 to 1987. She served as chairperson of the Department of History from 1987 to 1993. After that, she became the executive associate dean of the College of Arts and Sciences from 1993 to 1999. During 1999 to 2000, she served as acting chair of the Department of Gender Studies. Since 2001, she holds the titles of professor emerita of history and foundation professor emerita of gender studies.
Peterson has written multiple articles and books, including The Medical Profession in Mid-Victorian London (University of California Press, 1978) and Family, Love, and Work in the Lives of Victorian Gentlewomen (Indiana University Press, 1989).
Peterson was a National Endowment for the Humanities Fellow (1978-1979), a John Simon Guggenheim Memorial Foundation Fellow (1984-1985), and an Institute for Advanced Study Fellow (1984-1985). She is a member of the American Historical Association, the Society for the Social History of Medicine, the North American Conference on British Studies, the American Association for the History of Medicine, and the North American Victorian Studies Association.